Vitamin A, C, and E could help reduce bone fracture risk

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Scientists from Zhuji People’s Hospital found that Vitamin A, C, and E may reduce bone fracture risk.

A bone fracture is a complete or partial break in a bone. Causes of bone fractures include trauma, overuse, and diseases that weaken bones.

The main symptom is pain. There may also be a loss of functionality depending on the area affected.

Treatment often involves resetting the bone in place and immobilizing it in a cast or splint to allow time to heal. Sometimes, surgery or metal rods may be required to reset the bone.

Antioxidants, such as vitamins A, C, and E, may help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.

A diet high in antioxidants may reduce the risk of many diseases (including heart disease and certain cancers).

Antioxidants scavenge free radicals from the body cells and prevent or reduce the damage caused by oxidation. The protective effect of antioxidants continues to be studied around the world.

In the current review study, researchers aimed to provide reliable estimates for dietary antioxidant vitamin (vitamins A, C, and E) intake and their effect on fracture risk.

They reviewed 13 studies that tested more than 380,000 people.

The results showed that increased antioxidant vitamin intake was linked to reduced fracture risk.

When the team examined the benefits of the vitamin types, they found that increased vitamin E intake was linked to reduced fracture risk, whereas increased vitamin A and C intake did not affect this risk.

They also found that increased antioxidant vitamin intake was associated with reduced fracture risk, irrespective of fracture sites; however, it did not affect hip fracture risk.

Furthermore, increased antioxidant vitamin intake was linked to reduced fracture risk in men but it did not affect fracture risk in women.

Based on the findings, the team concluded that fracture risk at any site is strongly reduced with increased antioxidant vitamin intake, especially vitamin E intake in men.

The research was published in Medicine and conducted by Penghe Zhou et al.

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