Scientists from Università Telematica Pegaso and elsewhere find that keto and Mediterranean diets could help manage post-COVID syndrome.
The CoVID-19 disease pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, has spread all over the globe, infecting hundreds of millions of individuals and causing millions of death.
It is also known to be associated with several medical and psychological complications, especially in patients with obesity and weight-related disorders.
This in general poses a big global public health problem, and in specific affected people are at a greater risk of developing poorer CoVID-19 clinical outcomes and experiencing a higher rate of mortality.
Little is still known about the best nutritional approach to be adopted for this disease, especially in the patient’s post-COVID syndrome.
No specific nutritional recommendations exist to manage the patient’s post-CoVID syndrome.
In the current study, researchers examined the evidence about diet and physical exercise approaches for people post-COVID.
The team suggests an ideal dietary and physical activity approach that the patient with obesity should follow after CoVID-19 infection to reduce the health conditions linked to the post-COVID syndrome.
The nutritional approach is based on a ketogenic diet protocol followed by a transition to the Mediterranean diet in patients with post-infection COVID, combined with a physical activity program to reduce health problems related to the post-COVID syndrome.
The Mediterranean diet is a primarily plant-based diet that includes a daily intake of whole grains, olive oil, fruits, vegetables, beans, and other legumes, nuts, herbs, and spices.
Other foods like animal proteins are eaten in smaller quantities, with the preferred animal protein being fish and seafood.
There is not one “standard” ketogenic diet with a specific ratio of macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fat).
The ketogenic diet typically reduces total carbohydrate intake to less than 50 grams daily—less than the amount found in a medium plain bagel—and can be as low as 20 grams daily.
Generally, popular ketogenic resources suggest an average of 70-80% fat from total daily calories, 5-10% carbohydrate, and 10-20% protein.
The research was published in Current Obesity Reports and conducted by Luigi Barrea et al.
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