Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.
It is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth, which can lead to inflammation and infection of the gums.
In a new study, a group of researchers from the University of Zurich conducted a study to see how different diets (vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore) can affect the oral health status of adults.
They reviewed several studies to compare the oral hygiene, periodontal health, dental status, and salivary function of adults who follow different diets.
The researchers followed the PRISMA guidelines and conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis.
They searched electronic databases like PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL, as well as online search engines like Google Scholar and research portals to identify relevant studies.
The researchers evaluated the studies and selected 22 studies for data extraction and analysis.
The results of the study showed that omnivores had higher bleeding on probing measures than vegans/vegetarians.
The overall periodontal health was much better in vegans/vegetarians than omnivores. However, vegans/vegetarians showed more dental erosion than omnivores.
Additionally, the prevalence of caries was higher in omnivores over 60 years old, while complete edentulism was more prevalent in vegetarians.
The study concluded that adults following an omnivore diet may be at a higher risk for periodontal problems and dental caries, while vegetarians/vegans may be at a higher risk for dental erosion.
These findings suggest that diet plays an important role in oral health, and people should be aware of the potential risks associated with different dietary choices.
Overall, this study provides valuable insights into the impact of diet on oral health, which can be useful for individuals and health professionals who are interested in maintaining good oral health.
By making informed dietary choices and practicing good oral hygiene, people can improve their oral health and prevent oral health problems.
More about gum disease
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, which is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis is usually reversible with proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing and professional teeth cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.
This stage of gum disease can cause the gums to recede and the supporting bone and tissue to break down, leading to tooth loss.
Risk factors for gum disease include poor oral hygiene, smoking, genetics, certain medications, and underlying health conditions like diabetes.
Symptoms of gum disease may include red, swollen, and bleeding gums, bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
If you suspect that you have gum disease, it’s important to see a dentist or periodontist (a dental specialist who treats gum disease) for evaluation and treatment.
Treatment for gum disease may include deep cleaning (scaling and root planing), medication, and in severe cases, surgery.
With proper treatment and ongoing maintenance, gum disease can be managed and prevented from progressing.
Preventing gum disease starts with maintaining good oral hygiene practices. Here are some tips to help prevent gum disease:
Brush twice a day: Brush your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes each time using fluoride toothpaste. Make sure to brush your teeth in circular motions, and don’t forget to brush your tongue and the roof of your mouth.
Floss daily: Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and under your gum line. Make sure to floss gently and thoroughly, and use a new section of floss for each tooth.
Use an antiseptic mouthwash: Using an antiseptic mouthwash can help kill bacteria and freshen your breath. Look for a mouthwash that is approved by the American Dental Association (ADA).
The research was published in Evidence-Based Dentistry and was conducted by Luana Giò Azzola et al.
If you care about nutrition, please read studies about how the Mediterranean diet could protect your brain health and the best time to take vitamins to prevent heart disease.
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