Eating right to keep ulcers at bay: the power of a balanced diet

Credit: Unsplash+

Ulcers are painful sores that can develop in the lining of your stomach or the upper part of your small intestine. They can cause discomfort, pain, and sometimes even bleeding.

While medications are often used to treat ulcers, the food you eat plays a crucial role in preventing them from occurring in the first place. In this review, we’ll explore the importance of a balanced diet in ulcer prevention.

Ulcers are often caused by a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) or by long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen.

However, your diet can either increase or reduce your risk of developing ulcers. A balanced diet not only helps to maintain overall health but also supports a strong digestive system, which can prevent ulcers.

Research Evidence

  1. High Fiber Foods and Whole Grains

Fiber-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are essential for digestive health. They promote regular bowel movements and help prevent constipation.

Research published in the journal Gut suggests that a high-fiber diet may reduce the risk of developing ulcers by protecting the stomach lining from damage caused by H. pylori.

Incorporating foods like whole wheat bread, brown rice, and fresh produce into your diet can be a positive step in ulcer prevention.

  1. Probiotics

Probiotics are “good” bacteria that promote a healthy balance in your gut. They can help keep H. pylori in check and protect against ulcer development.

A study in the journal Helicobacter found that taking probiotic supplements reduced the risk of H. pylori infection.

You can find probiotics in foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi. Including these foods in your diet can support a healthy gut.

  1. Low-Fat Dairy

Low-fat dairy products are a source of calcium and protein without the added saturated fats found in full-fat versions.

Research in the American Journal of Epidemiology suggests that a diet rich in calcium may help reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers.

Consider incorporating low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese into your diet to reap these potential benefits.

  1. Colorful Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables provide a wide range of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support overall health, including digestive health.

A study in the Journal of Nutrition found that antioxidants like vitamin C and beta-carotene, found in fruits and vegetables, may help reduce the risk of peptic ulcers by protecting the stomach lining.

A colorful plate filled with a variety of fruits and vegetables can contribute to your ulcer prevention efforts.

Practical Tips

Here are some practical tips to help you incorporate these ulcer-preventing foods into your diet:

Create Balanced Meals: Aim to include a variety of foods from different food groups in each meal. For example, pair lean protein sources like chicken or tofu with a side of steamed broccoli and brown rice.

Healthy Snacking: Choose whole fruits or cut-up veggies as snacks instead of processed options. These can provide additional fiber and antioxidants.

Probiotic Foods: Consider adding probiotic-rich foods like yogurt or kefir to your daily routine as a snack or a side dish.

Limit Processed Foods: Reduce your intake of processed and fast foods, which are often high in unhealthy fats and low in nutrients.


A balanced diet that includes high-fiber foods, probiotics, low-fat dairy, and colorful fruits and vegetables can play a significant role in preventing ulcers.

These dietary choices promote digestive health, support a strong stomach lining, and reduce the risk of H. pylori infection.

Remember that overall lifestyle factors, including stress management and avoiding excessive NSAID use, also contribute to ulcer prevention.

By making thoughtful dietary choices and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can help keep ulcers at bay and enjoy better digestive health.

Follow us on Twitter for more articles about this topic.

Copyright © 2023 Scientific Diet. All rights reserved.