Scientists from Harbin Medical University found how people with diabetes should eat to reduce their death risk of heart disease.
The research is published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism and was conducted by Wenbo Jiang et al.
According to the National Institute of Health, having diabetes means you are more likely to develop heart disease.
People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain risk factors, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, that increase their chances of having a heart attack or a stroke.
High blood glucose from diabetes can damage the blood vessels and the nerves that control the heart and blood vessels. Over time, this damage can lead to heart disease.
People with diabetes tend to develop heart disease at a younger age than people without diabetes. Adults with diabetes are nearly twice as likely to have heart disease or stroke as adults without diabetes.
In the current study, researchers aimed to examine whether food intake time across 3 meals is linked to better outcomes in people with diabetes.
They tested more than 4000 people with diabetes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2003 to 2014.
The team examined food intake across a day including the forenoon, afternoon, and evening.
They found that in the morning, compared to people who ate least potato and starchy vegetables, people who ate most had a lower death risk of heart disease.
In the afternoon, people who ate whole grains had a lower death risk of heart disease. In the evening, people who ate most dark vegetables and drank milk had a lower death risk of heart disease.
But people who ate most processed meat in the evening were more likely to die due to heart disease.
The team also found that switching 0.1 serving potato or starchy vegetable consumed in the afternoon or evening to the morning, 0.1 serving dark vegetable consumed in the afternoon to the evening, and 0.1 serving whole grain consumed in the morning to the afternoon reduced the death risk of heart disease.
Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that a higher intake of potato or starchy vegetables in the forenoon, whole grain in the afternoon, dark vegetables and milk in the evening, and a lower intake of processed meat in the evening are linked to lower death risk in heart disease in people with diabetes.
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